If you have decided to pursue a lucrative career as a health care provider in veterinary industry, then you must know that there are several different specialties you can choose from. There has been a growing demand for veterinary technicians over the past couple of decades, and the ever-improving job outlook has lead to what is now known as the CVTS, or the Committee on Veterinary Technician Specialties developed by NAVTA with the purpose of offering a standardized list of criteria for all those who are interested. The CVTS was formed exactly 20 years ago. Here you will find a brief overview of the most sought-after vet tech specialties in the field of veterinary medicine:
As the name implies, veterinary dental techs are skilled specialists who are certified to assist veterinarians with various dental care and dental management services. Although the job duties and responsibilities of these professionals can vary from one work environment to another, these animal health care providers usually assess the overall dental condition of the dogs, they restrain the animals for further evaluation, they take ultrasounds or x-rays of the affected areas of the mouth and they also perform dental cleanings and fill prescriptions.
The veterinary oncology technicians are skilled specialists who are trained in the field of cancer treatment. They often need to become registered veterinary technologists first, before they get to specialize in the field of radiology and/or oncology. They must also get a deeper, hands-on experience in veterinary radiation oncology under the supervision of an ACVR board-certified radiation oncologist.
The clinical practice veterinary technicians are trained and certified to assist veterinarians in different parts of the clinical setting. These professionals can opt for further specialization in one of the three main areas of practice: production animals, exotic companions or canines and felines. These professionals deal with a variety of tasks, from maintaining the medical equipment and assisting veterinarians with thorough animal evaluations to administering fluids and drugs to the patients and providing advanced pre-operative and post-operative care. It is not uncommon for some clinical practice veterinary technicians to work on-call, or at 24-hour emergency animal facilities.
Veterinary behavior technicians are specialists who promote excellence in veterinary behavior medicine. They have gained a behavior certification, which means that they have in-depth knowledge, training and expertise in fields like problem prevention, behavior health, behavior modification as well as animal training. Veterinary behavior technician play a crucial role in every veterinary medicine setting, as they are vital for creating and maintaining the bond between animals and their human health care providers.
As the name of the position implies, veterinary nutrition technicians are specialists who assist certified veterinarians with nutrition assessment and management for their four-legged patients. The duties and responsibilities of the veterinary nutrition technicians also vary greatly, but these professionals often with work animals that are malnourished or that have been physically weakened due to certain conditions and illnesses, and they often help veterinarians improve the poor physical conditions of the pets.
These professionals offer services like monitoring and recording the vital signs, taking tissue, blood or urine samples for further analysis and evaluation, in-depth nutritional assessment, body condition scoring, filling prescriptions for nutritional supplements and such. Also, it is not uncommon for veterinary nutrition technicians to provide in-depth dietary advice to pet owners, in order to help them improve the nutritional status of their animals.
Veterinary technician anesthetists also work closely with veterinarians, and they are certified to assist veterinary surgeons and anesthesiologists with various surgical procedures. They prepare the anesthetic formula, they evaluate the patients, they manage the ventilation throughout the entire process, they maintain the patient under sedation after administering the anesthesia, and they also monitor the patient’s emergence from anesthesia. The veterinary technician anesthetist also deals with maintaining the equipment, as well as with post-anesthesia care.
These vet techs are specially trained and certified in order to assist veterinarians with emergency cases, often cases where the patients require urgent medical attention. It is of utmost importance for the emergency and critical care veterinary technicians to be able to remain calm under serious stress situations, as they will often work with severely injured animals, such as pets who have been injured in fights, poisoned, burned or hit by cars.
The primary duties and responsibilities of the emergency and critical care veterinary technicians involve monitoring the vital signs of the patients, placing catheters, taking x-rays, applying and changing the bandages, administering medications, injections and fluids, collecting blood samples and sending them over to the laboratory for further analysis, and so on and so forth.
The equine veterinary technicians are professionals who work with horses and other large animals – although most of the vet technicians these days prefer to work with small animals such as dogs, cats or other domestic pets, equine veterinary technicians specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of horses. These professionals must firstly complete an accredited veterinary technician program certified by the American Veterinary Medical Association before they specialize in equine treatment.
Zoo vet technicians, or zoological veterinary technicians, are trained animal health care providers who work closely with zoo veterinarians in helping exotic animals and pet companions. These professionals deal with basic veterinary medicine tasks, from administering fluids and medications to changing the bandages, running diagnostic lab tests, collecting samples or administering intramuscular and intravenous injections, the sole difference is that zoological veterinary technicians specialize with various exotic animals, and they must take extra safety precautions in order to minimize the risk for injury coming from exotic animals that are not properly sedated.
Last, but certainly not least, internal medicine veterinary technicians are professionals who work with both large and small animals, and who specialize in all the areas of internal medicine, particularly neurology, oncology and cardiology. The internal medicine veterinary technicians prepare urine and blood samples for analysis, they observe the signs and symptoms prior to putting a diagnose, they perform brain function tests, heart function tests and cancer tests and they operate state of the art laboratory equipment.